Blood Pressure is a measure of the force of blood against the artery walls as it circulates through the body. The pressure in the blood vessels when the heart beats is called the systolic blood pressure and the pressure when the heart rests is the diastolic blood pressure. Blood pressure is measured by wrapping an inflatable cuff with a pressure gauge around your arm to squeeze the blood vessels.
|Blood Pressure Category||Systolic mm Hg (Upper #)||And / Or||Diastolic mm Hg (Lower #)|
|Normal||Less than 120||and||Less than 80|
|Prehypertension||120 - 139||or||80 - 89|
|High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Stage 1||140 - 159||or||90 - 99|
|High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Stage 2||160 or higher||or||100 or higher|
|Hypertensive Crisis (Emergency Care Needed)||Higher than 180||or||Higher than 110|
If your Blood pressure is Higher than Normal:
- Your physician may elect to take several readings over time and/or have you monitor your blood pressure at home before establishing a diagnosis of high blood pressure.
- A single high reading does not necessarily indicate high blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure (HBP) Facts and Statistics:
- High blood pressure is also known as Hypertension, which is sometimes abbreviated “HTN”.
- When the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels is consistently too high, your physician will likely recommend treatment such as lifestyle changes and/or prescription medication.
- Approximately one in three American adults, or 67 million people, are estimated to have high blood pressure.
- High blood pressure usually has no warning signs or symptoms, so many people don’t know that they have this condition unless their blood pressure is checked periodically by a medical or dental professional.
- Untreated high blood pressure may lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, or kidney failure.
- Reduce your risk of high blood pressure by eating healthy, maintaining your weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking.